Wine history in America was relatively short compared to that of Europe.
Spanish Conquistadores were the first to introduce wine to America,
starting in Chile. Plants such as wheat, olives and grapes, were
brought in by the Spanish. In 1554, the first vineyard was planted
Governor of Virginia, Lord Delaware wrote in London Company in 1616
that American colonies could develop wine industry to rival that of France.
French viticulturists were recruited and brought here. These French
winemen did not like the native American grapes, so they brought their
own vines. But the weather in America was not optimal for the growing
of Europe grapes, the French winemen left and the interest of wine in North
America was abandoned for years. But about 100 years later in the
west, Spanish missionaries planted the first vineyard in California.
Rums, apple cider, beer and whiskey were more consumed by the colonial
pioneers. Only the wealthy and educated enjoyed wine. Wine
industry in America was not recognized until the mid-1800’s when a French
viticulturist, Jean-Louis Vigne, established a vineyard in California.
Now, there’s more than 685 wineries in California, which produces more
than 375 million gallons every year. American wine industry today
produce some of the finest wines in the world.
Wine industry around the world.
in around 19th century.
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