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32 Glossaries

Moshe Hallamish provides details on kabbalah terms and appellations in “An Introduction to the Kabbalah”.[3054]

Table 32-1: Aramaic Kabbalah Glossary
Beney heikhala

Sons of the palace
Beney mehemanuta

Men of faith
Be-orah keshot

According to the way of Truth


Group of companions
Malkhin kadma’in

Ancient kings

Balance that preserves the world
Mehasdey hakla

Reapers of the field – “for sadeh – field is the mate of Shaddai – Almighty”[3055]

Yad’ey hokhmata

Those who are versed in wisdom

Table 32-2: Hebrew Kabbalah Glossary
Afisat ha-mahashavah

The nought or point where human thought ceases, “Do not inquire into what is too wonderful for you.”
Al ha-Derech ha-Emet

On the way of Truth or in Aramaic be-orah keshot – according to the way of Truth
Anshey ha-Shem

Men of G-d marked by wisdom, asceticism, and sanctity

Making (world)

Essence or roots of the Sefirot

Adjacent or emanation (world)

Nothingness, Great Hiddenness
Ba’aley Emet

Possessors of the Truth
Ba’aley Emunah

Masters of faith
Ba’aley ha-avodah

Masters of the worship
Ba’aley ha-einayyim ha-meayyenim betapuhey ha-zahav asher be-maskiyyot ha-kesef

Those with eyes who contemplate the apples of gold in ornaments of silver. (Ezekiel 1:6; Daniel 8:2, 10:4-5)
Ba’aley ha-Kabbalah
Ba’aley Kabbalah

The masters of the kabbalah
Kabbalah masters
Ba’aley nefesh hakhamah

Those with a wise soul
Ba’aley reshumot

Master of parables

Flash (of illumination see he’arah)

With kabbalah that is taught in privacy by word of mouth
Beney aliyah mu’atim

The sons of high [the spiritually exalted] who are few

Creation (world)

Homiletic interpretation
Derekh ha-Emet

The way of Truth

Cleaving to God
Doreshey Reshumot

Those who expound verses metaphorically

Two parts together.[3056] Connected with the idea of soul mate.
Emet ve-emunah

Truth and faith

A valley in Israel with a crevice that often burned with refuse. Later became a name for a place of punishment.

Reward, often in reference to a gemilut hesed fund, a free load fund. Gemilut hesed literally means the ‘reward of kindness’, i.e. kindness is its own reward.
Geoney ha-midrash ha-ne’elam

The great ones of the concealed Midrash


Previous lives

A formed or created being with ones own mind drawing down a soul of appetite or intellect respectively.
Golem Judaism

Meditative form of Judaism practiced by Kabbalists for transforming the word into the image of G-d.
Guarding the Covenant

Keeping continuous laws of the covenant like keeping kosher and speaking pleasantly.
Hakhmey ha-penimiyyut

The sages of the interior
Halal Panui

Empty void during the tzimtzum

The penetrators or depth seekers
Has vShalom

G-d forbid

The knowledgeable.[3057]

The sages of blessed memory.

Illumination perceived as the Truth from the above

Annihilation, inability to grasp

Absence, incapacity of human thought to grasp the idea

Heavenly journeys


Equanimity or stoicism, a prerequisite to kabbalistic study

Solitude with God

The wonder that happens to one who fully ‘acts’ out his prayer.
HitPashtut hagashmiyut

‘Strip off one’s corporeal nature’ in prayer. To make oneself simple or to strip oneself of material concerns during prayer.[3058]

The Hasidic idea of praying with a ‘burning’ enthusiasm.
Wisdom the second sefira. The singular purpose of creation.
Hochmah ba-amitut

Real wisdom
Hokhmat ha-razim

Science of secrets discussed by Rabbi Kook in relation to the equivalence of Raz and Or whose value is 207.
Hokhmah nistarah

Hidden wisdom
Hokhmah penimit

Inner wisdom
Hakhmey ha-Kabbalah ha-kedoshah ha-kadmonim

The ancient sages of the sacred kabbalah
Hokhmot ha-reshumot

Metaphorical wisdoms as in the Bahir with parables

Darkness that which hides


Rising after descent
Ka’asher heruni
Ka’asher horuni

As I was shown from heaven
As I was taught from heaven
Kabbalah penimit

Inner kabbalah or sublime kabbalah

Primordial internal light – Ayn Sof 1st light of emanation to Keter.


Intention and concentration

Vessels like the sefirot holding the shefa or sustenance from God.

As if it were possible.

Supportive tissue around joints to hold them together

Pursuit of the Torah from ones own longing[3059]

Ma’aseh merkavah

The account of the chariot in the vision of Ezekiel in chapter 1
Mach shemo

May God strike out Amalek’s name
Madd’a ha-Elohi

Literally the science of G-d alluding to theology or kabbalah[3060]

Heavenly messenger
Mahashavah tehorah

Pure thought

Figuratively, an example
Maskiley Emet

Enlightened with Truth

The intellectuals.[3061] Enlightened men.[3062]

Clear light – Ayn Sof 3rd light of emanation to Keter.
Mekabbeley hokhmat ha-Emet

Receivers of the wisdom of Truth
Mekubbal hakham

Wise kabbalist steeped in the material
Mekubbal mevin

Kabbalist in training grasping with his intelligence

Meviney madda

Those who understand matter/science

Those who understand

The Tabernacle consisted of tent walls in a large rectangle.

Mose’ey da’at

Those who find knowledge

Circle of followers of Rabad, Rabbi Abraham ben David
Nikhnas ve-yasa be-shalom

Entered and came out in peace in referenced to the the men who “entered the Pardes”

Olam elion

Supernal world corresponds to Atzulut
Olam ha-galgalim

The world of the wheels corresponds to Yetzirah
Olam ha-mitbodded

The lonely world, a self-contained realm
Olam ha-nifradim

The world of the separated ones corresponds to Beriyah
Olam ha-shefel

The lower world or our world corresponds to Asiyah

Wheels seen by Ezekiel whose “rims full of eyes” (Ezek 1:18)

Plain meaning

Those who believed in separating – פרש themselves from the impurities of society. Pharisees.



Trace, remnant or better yet residue left behind from the withdrawal of G-d’s light that with the power of judgment provided the material of the vessels, the sefirot.

Polished light – Ayn Sof 2nd light of emanation to Keter.

The divine pleasure of ascending the sefirot.

The feminine divine presence of G-d.
She’elah be-hakis

Waking question
She’elat halom

Dream question

Early name for the resting place of the dead. The childless go to this place. Also there is a burning part. Also there is a peaceful part.

Negotiations preliminary to betrothal
Sitrey Torah

Mysteries of the Torah

A time and place for G-d’s restoration and Presence.
Shi’ur Komah

The measure of the Creator

Sofey merkavah

Observers of the chariot[3063]

Place where creation took place after the halal panui

The connective tissue between bone and muscle

Man was created in the image of G-d.
Tzimtzema paneha

Concealing her face as Rachel did so is the Tzimtzum figuratively

Contraction or withdrawal of G-d into Himself to permit a space for creation.
U-le-dovkah bo

And cleave to Him (Deut. 11:22) isolation and cleaving to G-d source for devekut (Nachmanides that is the Ramban)


Formation (world)
Yode’ey hen

Knowers of grace
Yode’ey madd’a

Those who know science
Yordey merkavah

Descenders into the chariot

This following material is from the Soncino Zohar glossary, available from Soncino press:

Table 32-3: Zohar Glossary
Zohar Glossary
ADAM. The Sefiroth, or divine grades, represented as a man, e.g.
Hesed the right arm, Hod the left thigh, etc.
[Tr. note: For the Sefiroth and divine grades, see Appendix I.]
AGADAHS. Homilies and discourses of the Rabbis.
AMIDAH. The principal part of all the three daily prayers, to be recited
quietly and in a standing posture.
ANCIENT OF DAYS. The highest of the Grades of the Godhead.
APPLE FIELD. A name for the Garden of Eden.
ARMS. The divine grades Hesed (Right Arm) and Geburah (Left Arm)
(v. Adam).
ARQA. One of the seven levels of the earth.
BEAUTY OF ISRAEL. The Sefirah Tifereth.
BODY. The Sefirah Tifereth.
CENTRAL PILLAR. A name for the Sef rah Tifereth, which unites the Right
and the Left.
CHARIOT. That which God directly controls.
CHIEFTAINS. The celestial chiefs and guardians attached to the various
nations of the earth.
COMMUNITY OF ISRAEL. The Shekinah in its connection with the people of Israel.
COVENANT. The sign of circumcision (v. Genesis XVII).
CROWNED. Glorified.
DAUGHTER. Same as Female (q.v.).
DISCLOSED. The divine grades following the first three.
DROSS OF GOLD. The k'lifoth, outer shells or lower-grade spirits.
DUMA. The spirit in charge of Gehinnom.
EL SHADDAI. God Almighty.
FATHER. The second of the divine grades (v. Appendix, Vol.I).
FEMALE. The last of the divine grades, synonymous with the Shekinah
(v. Appendix).
FIELD OF APPLE-TREES. The Garden of Eden.
FIRE. The emblem of the grade Geburah.
FOUNDATION (Yesod). The ninth Sefirah, also called Zaddik.
FOUNDATION OF WORLD. A synonym for the Zaddik (q.v.).
GEBURAH (lit. force, might). The presiding grade of the left side, the source
of rigour and chastisement (v. Appendix).
GEDULAH (lit. greatness). Another name for the Sefirah Hesed.
GRADE. Any degree in the scale of being; often=angel or demon.
HANUKAH. The Feast of Dedication.
HAYYAH (lit. animal). The highest grade of angel.
HOLY ONE. A name commonly applied to God in the aspect of Tifereth (q.v.).
HUSBAND. The divine grade called.Hokmah (Wisdom).
ISRAEL. A name given to the highest of the divine grades.
JUBILEE. The supernal world; Moses as distinguished from Jacob.
KING. The highest of the divine grades.
KLIFOTH (lit. ‘shells’ or ‘husks’). The powers of evil.
LAD. A synonym for Metatron (q.s.).
LAND OF LIFE. The Future World.
LEBANON (Trees or Cedars of). The Six Days of Creation with their associated
LEFT. The side of Geburah (v. Appendix).
LESSER COUNTENANCE. The Sefirah Tifereth (Kether being the ‘long
MALE. The upper world in its relation to the Shekinah (v. Appendix).
MALKUTH (lit. sovereignty). The tenth Sefirah: esp., the Shekinah in
connection with Tifereth (q.v.).
MATRON. One of the names of the Shekinah.
MAZZAL (lit. constellation, luck). The allotted portion of a human being.
METATRON. The chief of the Chieftains (q.v.), the power charged with the
sustenance of mankind.
METATRON.[alt.] The head of the ‘world of creation’, called also the
’servant’ or the ‘body’ of the Shekinah.
MEZUZAH (lit. doorpost). A scroll containing Biblical verses attached to a
doorpost (v. Deut. VI, 9).
MIRROR. The source of the prophetic faculty in one or other of the
firmaments, luminous for Moses, dim for others.
MOON. One of the names of the Shekinah (v. Appendix).
MOTHER. The third of the divine grades (v. Appendix, Vol. I).
NEFESH. The vital principle, the lowest of the three grades of the soul.
NESHAMAH. The moral consciousness, the highest of the three grades of the
NORTH. The side of Geburah.
ONKELOS. The reputed translator of the Chaldaic version of the Pentateuch.
ORLAH (lit. foreskin). The condition of being unreceptive of the Shekinah.
PATRIARCHS. The three highest of the divine grades.
PRINCE OF THE WORLD. Metatron (g.v.).
RED. The symbolic colour of the divine attribute of judgment or
RIGHT. The side of.Hesed(v. Appendix).
RIGHTEOUS (Zaddik). The ninth Sefirah, also called ‘Foundation’.
RIGHTEOUS ONE (v. Zaddik).
RUAH (lit. spirit). The intellectual faculty, the middle of the three
grades of the soul.
SABBATICAL YEAR. The seven secondary divine grades; a name applied to Jacob
when compared with Moses.
SACRED LAMP. R. Simeon b. Yohai.
SHEKINAH (lit. neighborhood, abiding). The Divine Presence (v. Appendix).
SHEMA (lit. hear). The proclamation of the unity of God, commencing with
’Hear, O Israel’ (v, Deut. VI, 4).
SHEOL. The under world.
SOUTH. The side of the divine attribute of mercy.
SUN. The upper world in relation to the Shekinah (v. Appendix).
TALITH. A garment with fringes (v. Num. xv, 38).
THIGHS. The divine grades Nezah (Victory), and Hod (Majesty) (v. Adam).
TIFERETH (lit. beauty). The sixth Sefirah, often symbolized by the sun,
also by the Tree of Life with twelve roots and seventy branches.
TORAH. The Law of Moses, especially the esoteric doctrine.
UNDISCLOSED. The three highest of the divine grades.
VAU. The sixth letter of the Hebrew alphabet and third of the sacred
Name, symbolizing the original heavens.
VOICE. The instrument of the Creation, identified with the original
WATER. The symbol of the divine attribute of.Hesed (kindness or mercy).
WELL. The supernal source of being.
WHITE. The symbolical colour of the divine attribute of mercy or
kindness (Hesed).
WIFE. The divine grade called Elohim or Binah (understanding).
WINE. The symbol of the divine attribute of rigour or severity (Geburah).
WISDOM. The esoteric doctrine of the divine grades.
YESOD (v. Foundation).
YOD. The tenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet.
ZADDIK (lit. righteous). The divine grade associated with the covenant.
ZADDIK[alt.] (v. Righteous).

Table 32-4: Herbal Term Glossary from Balch’s Essential’s of Natural Medicine
abortifacient A plant that causes miscarriage or expulsion of the fetus. It is important that a pregnant woman avoid this type of plant. An example is the herb pennyroyal.
adaptogen Helps the body adapt to stress, whether it be physical, mental, or emotional. It is often referred to as a “tonic.” It supports energy levels. Many adaptogen herbs work in part by supporting adrenal gland function. Ginseng is a classic example.
alterative An herb that helps improve general health by balancing and tonifying body functions. Alteratives boost nutritional status through improved digestion and elimination. They are sometimes referred to as “blood purifiers.” Alteratives generally have a low potential for toxicity and can be used on a long-term basis. A good example is burdock root.
analgesic Pain reliever. Also termed an anodyne (e.g., white willow).
anticatarrhal Decreases mucus production (e.g., goldenseal, mullein).
antidepressant Relieves feelings of depression (e.g., Saint-John’s-wort).
antidote Counteracts the effect of a poison.
anti-emetic Prevents vomiting (e.g., ginger).
antifungal Destroys or prevents fungal infections.
antigalactic Reduces or stops breast milk secretion (e.g., sage).
antihelmintic An herb that destroys parasites (e.g., garlic, wormwood, black walnut).
anti-inflammatory Reduces inflammation in the body (e.g., licorice root, bromelain,
boswellia, white willow, black cohosh).
antimicrobial Prevents or destroys microbe (virus, bacteria, fungus, etc.) growth.
antioxidant Prevents the damage of cells by free radicals (e.g., ginkgo, astragalus,
hawthorne berry, milk thistle, thyme, wild oregano).
antiparasitic Prevents the growth of or destroys parasites (e.g., black walnut, clove, garlic, wormwood).
antipyretic Reduces fever (e.g., yarrow).
antiseptic Prevents the growth of microbes on the skin (e.g., calendula, propolis).
antispasmodic Prevents or reduces muscle spasms (e.g., black cohosh, chamomile, kava, valerian, wild yam).
antitussive Relieves or suppresses coughing (e.g., horehound, wild cherry bark).
antitumor Fights or suppresses tumor growth (e.g., astragalus, echinacea).
astringent An herb that causes contraction of the tissues. It’s useful in conditions such as bleeding or diarrhea (e.g., geranium, sage, witch hazel, yarrow).
bitters Bitter-tasting herbs that stimulate the digestive organ secretions and actions—stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas. They can also help increase an abnormally low appetite (e.g., gentian root, burdock, goldenseal, dandelion root).
bronchodilator An herb that causes relaxation and dilation of the bronchial tubes (respiratory passageway). They’re often used in coughs, bronchitis, and asthma (e.g., peppermint, ma huang, yerba santa).
calmative An herb that gently calms the nerves (e.g., chamomile, hops, kava, passionflower, valerian).
carminative Prevents or reduces gas (e.g., ginger root, fennel, anise, peppermint).
cathartic An herb that stimulates bowel evacuation (laxative) (e.g., cascara sagrada, senna, rhubarb).
cholagogue Stimulates bile flow from the gallbladder (e.g., dandelion root).
choleretic Stimulates bile production in the liver (e.g., milk thistle, burdock, dandelion root).
demulcent An herb that has a soothing and healing effect on the mucous membranes of the body (e.g., slippery elm is a demulcent for the digestive tract).
diaphoretic An herb that causes perspiration. This can be useful with a cold, to help the immune system expel the virus (e.g., yarrow, boneset).
diuretic Promotes urination (e.g., dandelion leaf, parsley).
emetic An herb that causes vomiting (e.g., ipecac).
expectorant An herb that promotes the expulsion of mucus from the respiratory tract (e.g., horehound, lungwort, yerba santa).
febrifuge An herb that reduces fever (e.g., white willow).
galactagogue Stimulates milk flow (e.g., blessed thistle, fennel, fenugreek).
hemostatic An herb that stops bleeding (e.g., cinnamon, yarrow).
hepatic An herb that acts on the liver to stimulate bile flow (e.g., burdock, milk thistle, licorice, dandelion root, yellow dock, artichoke).
hypnotic An herb that induces sleep (e.g., valerian).
hypotensive An herb that lowers blood pressure (e.g., hawthorne berry, garlic).
immunomodulator An herb that supports the action of the immune system (e.g., astragalus, echinacea, garlic, lomatium, Oregon grape, osha).
laxative An herb that promotes fecal expulsion (e.g., cascara sagrada, senna, aloe, rehmania).
lymphagogue Stimulates activity of the lymphatic system (e.g., burdock, ceanothus, pokeroot).
mucolytic An herb that thins mucus secretions.
nervine An herb that relaxes and calms the nerves (e.g., chamomile, passion-flower, valerian, skullcap, lavender).
nutritive An herb that is nourishing to the body (e.g., nettles).
palliative Relieves symptoms but does not cure the disease (e.g., a child sleeps well when taking passionflower before bedtime, but cannot sleep unless he or she uses passionflower).
prophylactic Herbs used to prevent a disease or a condition.
rubefacient Herbs that are irritating to the skin and the mucous membranes. They’re used to increase blood flow to the affected area (e.g., horseradish opens up the sinuses). [L. rubefactum – redden]
sedative A calming herb (e.g., valerian, passionflower, chamomile).
stimulant Increases energy or has an exciting action (e.g., ginseng).
synergist An herb that acts to increase the effectiveness of another herb or herbs in a formula so that the sum of the herbs is greater than its parts (e.g., licorice root).
tonic Nourishes and restores normal function (e.g., Siberian ginseng).
vermifuge Promotes the expulsion of intestinal worms (e.g., wormwood). [L. vermis – worm, maggot]
vulnerary Promotes tissue healing (e.g., calendula applied topically on cuts and scrapes or aloe for burned skin). [L. vulnerō – wound, hurt, distress]

[3054] An Introduction to the Kabbalah, Moshe Hallamish, SUNY press.
[3055] R. Moses Hayyim Luzzatto (the RaMHaL)
[3056] Kabbalah New Perspectives, Moshe Idel, p.128, 131.
[3057] Nachmanides on Lev. 20:12
[3058] Hasidic Prayer, Louis Jacobs, p. 94
[3059] See below Text 1-7 on p.43
[3060] Hallamish on Yehudah the Barcelonian, p.88
[3061] See enlightenment – Haskalah in
[3062] Daniel 12:3
וְהַמַּשְׂכִּלִים--יַזְהִרוּ, כְּזֹהַר הָרָקִיעַ; וּמַצְדִּיקֵי, הָרַבִּים, כַּכּוֹכָבִים, לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד.
3 And they that are enlightened shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn the many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.
[3063] Isaiah 33:17 – “The King in His Beauty will your eyes envision”

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