Automatic Non-photorealistic Technical Illustration

Goal and Approach

Phong-shaded 3D imagery does not provide geometric information of the same richness as human-drawn technical illustrations. A non-photorealistic lighting model is presented that attempts to narrow this gap. The model is based on practice in traditional technical illustration, where the lighting model uses both luminance and changes in hue to indicate surface orientation, reserving extreme lights and darks for edge lines and highlights. The lighting model allows shading to occur only in mid-tones so that edge lines and highlights remain visually prominent. In addition, we show how this lighting model is modified when portraying models of metal objects. These illustration methods give a clearer picture of shape, structure, and material composition than traditional computer graphics methods.




Support for this research was provided by NSF Grant MIP-9420352, by DARPA grant F33615-96-C-5621, and by the NSF and DARPA Science and Technology Center for Computer Graphics and Scientific Visualization (ASC-89-20219).

Last update: January 7, 2000